As of Sept. 25, 2023, the 30-year fixed mortgage rate is 7.83%, the FHA 30-year fixed rate is 7.72%, the VA 30-year fixed rate is 7.64% and the jumbo 30-year fixed rate is 7.02%. These rates are not the teaser rates you may see advertised online and based on our methodology should be more representative of what customers could expect to be quoted depending on their qualifications. You can learn more about what makes our rates different in the Methodology section of this page.

Shopping for the best 30-year mortgage rates is important because rates differ between lenders. Rates are the cost lenders charge when borrowers take out a home loan and are determined by the borrower’s credit profile and other factors like the down payment amount. Finding the most competitive rate can save you tens of thousands of dollars throughout the lifetime of your loan.?

To assist you in your research, we’ve compiled the best rates for 30-year terms, including some common questions you may have about mortgages in general. The best rates are from lenders who have nationwide availability, allow borrowers to purchase discount points, and have flexible down payment options.

Key Takeaways

  • Rates are the amount a lender charges when a borrower takes out a home loan, with different lenders offering different rates.
  • Rates on mortgages are determined by the borrower's credit profile, the amount of the down payment, and the borrower's debt load.
  • Generally, the higher the borrower's credit score and lower their debt-to-income ratio, the better an interest rate they?will qualify for.
  • Rates are impacted by broader interest rates, the state of inflation, and the type of mortgage the borrower is seeking.

Sample 30-Year Mortgage Rates

Loan Type Purchase Refinance
30-Year Fixed 7.83% 8.15%
FHA 30-Year Fixed 7.72% 7.99%
VA 30-Year Fixed 7.64% 8.01%
Jumbo 30-Year Fixed 7.02% 7.02%
National averages of the lowest 30-year mortgage rates offered by more than 200 of the country's top lenders, with a loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of 80%, an applicant with a FICO credit score of 700-760, and no mortgage points.

Sample Rates for All Mortgage Loan Types

Loan Type Purchase Refinance
30-Year Fixed 7.83% 8.15%
FHA 30-Year Fixed 7.72% 7.99%
VA 30-Year Fixed 7.64% 8.01%
Jumbo 30-Year Fixed 7.02% 7.02%
20-Year Fixed 7.74% 8.04%
15-Year Fixed 7.17% 7.24%
Jumbo 15-Year Fixed 7.15% 7.15%
10-Year Fixed 7.14% 7.20%
10/6 ARM 7.65% 8.01%
7/6 ARM 7.59% 7.87%
Jumbo 7/6 ARM 6.96% 7.06%
5/6 ARM 7.51% 7.72%
Jumbo 5/6 ARM 6.94% 6.94%
National averages of the lowest rates offered by more than 200 of the country's top lenders, with a loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of 80%, an applicant with a FICO credit score of 700-760, and no mortgage points.

Setting a 30-Year Mortgage Rate

Just because advertised mortgage rates are low, doesn’t mean that you’ll receive that from the lender. A good rate will depend on the borrower's financial profile. Lenders look at factors such as income, credit history, the down payment, and other debts.?

In most cases, someone who has a high credit score tends to be offered lower mortgage rates than someone who has a lower credit score or higher monthly debt obligations. Understanding what might affect your individual rate is helpful for borrowers to find the most competitive rate.

Effective May 8, 2023, the FHA is providing a 40-year mortgage term for a more affordable payment "as is already commonly recognized in the mortgage industry, including Government Sponsored Enterprises (GSEs), Fannie Mae, and Freddie Mac."

Qualifying for Better Mortgage Rates

There are a number of factors that determine who qualifies for the best mortgage rates. Here are several to consider.

Put Down a Higher Down Payment

The higher the down payment, the more likely lenders will approve a lower interest rate. Do your research though, because not all lenders will give you a more attractive rate just because you put 20% down.?

Increase Your Credit Score

Mortgage rates are highly influenced by a borrower’s credit score. Lenders typically offer lower interest rates to borrowers with a higher credit score. The more you can work to increase it, the more likely you’ll be offered a lower rate. Some action steps to take include making on-time payments and refraining from applying for additional loans at the same time as your mortgage application.?

Lower Your Debt-to-Income (DTI) Ratio

This ratio is calculated by taking the total of your monthly debt payments and dividing it by your gross income. Lenders use this ratio to see whether borrowers can comfortably meet their debt obligations. If this number is 43% or higher, lenders view the borrower as risky, which is reflected in a higher interest rate. You can lower your DTI by either increasing your income or paying off more of your existing debt. 

Rates Vary Based on Mortgage Type

There may be different rates depending on the type of mortgage you take out. There are mortgages that vary in the length of term with rates being lower for shorter terms. Adjustable rate mortgages (ARMs) also have different rates with their rates not being fixed for the entire loan term. For instance, ARMs tend to have a lower initial rate compared to fixed-rate loans, but after a predetermined amount of time it’ll go up according to the current market conditions.

Down Payment Requirements

Lenders typically require between a 3% and 20% down payment, with the exception of government backed mortgages. Ones like the FHA loan require a minimum of 3.5%, whereas VA or USDA (rural) loans may not require one at all. The amount required will depend on your lender. In most cases, the higher the down payment, the lower the rate will be.


Upfront fees on Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac home loans changed in May 2023. Fees were increased for homebuyers with higher credit scores, such as 740 or higher, while they were decreased for homebuyers with lower credit scores, such as those below 640. Another change: Your down payment will influence what your fee is. The higher your down payment, the lower your fees, though it will still depend on your credit score. Fannie Mae provides the Loan-Level Price Adjustments on its website.

Understanding Mortgage Points

Mortgage points, or discount points, is a type of prepaid interest borrowers pay when taking out a mortgage to lower their interest rate. This one-time fee costs 1% of your mortgage, or $1,000 for every $100,000. Paying one point will lower the rate by 0.25%, or a quarter of a percent. That means if you got offered an interest rate of 6.50%, paying one mortgage point will lower it to 6.25%.

What Is a 30-Year Mortgage?

A 30-year mortgage is a conventional home loan that offers a fixed rate for a 30-year term. This means that your monthly payments, consisting of the principal and interest, remain the same throughout the lifetime of the loan. Some 30-year mortgages are government-backed loans, such as the ones from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and Federal Housing Authority (FHA).

Most borrowers choose a 30-year mortgage because it has lower monthly payment compared to other terms, freeing up room for other financial goals. According to Freddie Mac, this is the most popular type of mortgage, with 90% of homeowners opting for a 30-year term.

Who Should Consider a 30-Year Mortgage?

Homeowners who want the lowest possible mortgage payments should consider a 30-year mortgage. Although it may come with a higher interest rate compared to other home loan terms, monthly mortgage payments are lower because they are extended over a longer period of time.?

In other words, homeowners can take advantage of better cash flow to pursue other financial goals like saving for retirement or stashing away an emergency fund. Depending on the lender, those who want to make higher monthly payments can do so to in order to pay off the mortgage faster while still allowing the option not to.

Does the Federal Reserve Decide Mortgage Rates?

The Federal Reserve doesn’t directly decide mortgage rates. Instead, it influences the rate by keeping inflation under control. Their goal is to help guide the economy, encouraging its growth. Raising or lowering short-term interest rates—a decision made by the Federal Open Market Committee—may encourage lenders to raise or lower their mortgage rates also.

Are Interest Rate and APR the Same?

The interest rate is the cost of the loan. The annual percentage rate (APR), on the other hand, includes both the interest rate and any additional fees or charges associated with your home loan. These fees can include mortgage points and origination fees. Because of these additional fees, the APR tends to be higher than the interest rate.

How Big of a 30-Year Mortgage Can I Afford?

There are a few considerations to look into when determining how much of a mortgage you can afford. While lenders consider factors including your assets, liabilities, and income, your DTI will be the most significant factor in determining how much you can afford. The front-end DTI considers how much of your monthly income goes toward housing expenses. Lenders want to see this ratio at 28% or less.

How We Chose the Best 30-Year Mortgage Rates??

In order to assess 30-year mortgage rates, we first needed to create a credit profile. This profile included a credit score ranging from 700 to 760 with a property loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of 80%. With this profile, we averaged the lowest rates offered by more than 200 of the nation’s top lenders. As such, these rates are representative of what real consumers will see when shopping for a mortgage.?

Keep in mind that mortgage rates may change daily and this data is intended to be for informational purposes only. A person’s personal credit and income profile will be the deciding factors in what loan rates and terms they are able to get. Loan rates do not include amounts for taxes or insurance premiums and individual lender terms will apply.?